Theory of Journalism and Media
«Theoretical Understanding of News in Digital Era: Transformation of Structure, Influencing Powers, “Life Cycle” »
This article is performed during the first phase of the interdepartmental research project «Analysis and modelling of news lifecycle on social media (Facebook, VKontakte)» by a group of authors. Researchers formulate the hypothesis on the change of the structure, influence forces, and lifecycle of news in the digital era. The issue of the transformation of a theoretical understanding of the news as a key product and as a central concept of the classical theory of journalism in the digital age is actualized.
Keywords: news, news lifecycle, agenda setting, journalism theory
Natalia V. Tkacheva, Sergei A. Vartanov, Denis V. Dunas, Anna N. Gureeva
«Russian Journalism between Normative and Actual: Russian National Print and Online Media Managers’ and Owners’ Views (Public Statements)»
The article presents the results of research of Russian national print and online media managers’ and owners’ views on journalism goals and actual role, normative and real media-state and media-audience relations. The results are based on the analysis of media managers’ and owners’ public statements and editorial stylebooks. The results show that normative and positivist views on journalism goals and media and state relations differ drastically. Media must be business and independent critic, but they are state financed and controlled propaganda tools. The normative and positivist views on media and audience relations coincide. Media should match audience information needs, interests and expectations, and it’s actually so.
Keywords: journalism, mission, media business, press freedom, media and state, media audience
Alexander V. Kolesnichenko
History of Journalism
« To the History of Publishing Trade of Russian Abroad: The Publishing Commission of Russian Culture Committee in Belgrade (1928–1937) »
The article is dedicated to the activities of one of the most viable publishing- house of the Russian Abroad — the Publishing Commission of Russian Culture Committee in Belgrade. The article is based on materials of the Russian cultural Committee Fund at the State Archives of Russian Federation, which have not been known until now. The author of the article tells us about the circumstances of creation, composition, fundamental principles of the Publishing Commission’s activities as well as the difficulties it faced and the reasons for its elimination.
Keywords: Publishing Commission, Russian Culture Committee in Belgrade, Russian Abroad, writers-emigrants, publishing trade
Anton V. Bakuntsev
«“Novy Mir” of Alexander Tvardovsky in A.V. Zhigulin’s Diary »
The paper first analyzes the diary entries of a major poet of the second half of the twentieth century, a native of the Voronezh region, a former prisoner of Stalin‘s camps Anatoly Vladimirovich Zhigulin (1930—2000) on the history of the most popular in the years of Khrushchev‘s «thaw» magazine «New world» and its editor- in-chief Aleksandr Trifonovich Tvardovsky (1910—1971). The author draws the conclusion that the need to begin work on the preparation of the scientific edition of A. V. Zhigulin’s diary is evident.
Keywords: Alexander Tvardovsky, Alexander Solzhenitsyn, Anatoly Zhigulin, the magazine «New world», the history of domestic journalism
Vladimir V. Kolobov
«Specifics of Online Cinema News Consumption»
The article presents the results of the study of cinema news consumption in Internet. The investigation has been based on the survey of Internet users. The author has made her own classification of the news and online resources supplying cinema information content.
Keywords: news consumption, Internet, cinema, cinema news, classification
Angelina V. Manakhova
««Officially Thanking Himself» as the Tool of the Discrediting Journalistic Strategy (on the Example of Linguistic Examination of the Controversial Media Text)»
The article deals with the journalist’s use of an etiquette genre as the communicative strategy discrediting the personality. The analysis has been made on the basis of media text which became a subject of the claim for honor and dignity protection and the expert assessment of the author. The problem of ethical and law standards compliance in professional media communication has been actualized.
Keywords: legal communication, media text, honor and dignity protection, linguistic examination, ethical standards
Liliya Z. Podberezkina
«Reverberation Effect in Current Mass Communication »
Contemporary mass communication is characterized by multiple repetitions of any information, so it may be called the reverberation effect (RE). The effect of reverberation may be traced on different levels of mass communication: in general flow of news, in any news agency and medium, in serial and chain news, even in a single story. Data sources are few — usually one or two, the rest of mass media replicate and reproduce initial news. Reverb determines structure and strategy of mass media in Internet: any web site and mass medium contains cross references on other media; news articles usually have references to previous news; reactions, opinions, and comments prevail over proper news in contemporary flow of information.
Keywords: reverberation, mass communication, reflection, information stream
Pavel V. Balditsyn