«Communicatory Features of City Newspapers Content»
The article presents the results of a content analysis of ten newspapers of medium and small cities in Russia. Communicative characteristics are analyzed as follows: subjects and objects of publications, opinions, information sources used, genres, titles and illustrations as ways to attract readers. The results of the editorial staff survey on communicative practices, forms of interaction with the audience and the public have been added.
Keywords: newsroom communication practices, media communication characteristics, local press, newsroom staff, subjects of articles, objects of articles, newspaper genres, captions, illustrations in newspapers
Luiza G. Svitich, Olga V. Smirnova, Alla A. Shiryaeva, Mikhail V. Shkondin
«Russian Mass Media in the Social Networks Facebook and Vkontakte.Ru: Study of Audience’s Activity»
The article deals with the Russian mass media audience activity in social networks Facebook and VKontakte. A ranking of Russian mass media effectiveness in social networks has been created. The author analyzes the most popular in social networks articles of 2014.
Keywords: mass media, social networks, communities, VKontakte, Facebook
Olga V. Dyachenko
«The Professional Identity of a Journalist amid Changing Mass Media»
The article examines the evolution of human psyche with regard to the ongoing rapid development of mass communication digital forms. The empirical research, probalistic and statistical analysis that have been done have shown that the intensive use of the new media (social networks and the Internet) is accompanied by the growing need for self-determination.The level of self-determination turns out to be the highest with those supporters of the new media who share human values, especially those of altruistic nature. This enables us to consider the new media as a factor of evolution, which favours people with pro-social orientation. Thus, the professional identity of a journalist, which is based on pro-social motivation and which finds its expression in mass communication, can be regarded as both a forerunner of a new personality psychotype and a means of personality evolution.
Keywords: professional identity of a journalist, media psychology, mass communication, evolution of psyche, development of a personality
Elena E. Pronina
History of Journalism
«News Conferences of General Staff on Siege-Works around Russian Fortresses in 1915»
The article deals with the history of news conferences in Russian General Staff Department during the First World War. On the basis of shorthand records, keeping in Russian archive RGVIA, the author traces the development of views on a siege- works around the line of concrete fortifications, obstacles and weapons installations that Russia constructed just before the border with Germany. There were fortresses Osowiec, Ivangorod, Novogeorgievsk, Kaunas, Grodno, Brest-Litovsk, defended for several month by Russian garrisons against German attacks, until the Russian army abandoned them in August 1915.
Keywords: World War I, Russian journalism, Russian fortresses, press- conferences General Staff, A.M.Mochoolsky
Ivan V. Obedkov
«The National Originality of Russian School of Research: the Theories in Dissertation Papers in 1991–2010 »
The article presents the classification's results of both PhD research and doctoral dissertations which were held out in the period from 1991 to 2010 in Journalism Science or in others sciences, but substantively related to journalism and the media studies. The author proposes to classify the theses according to 16 types of theoretical evaluation categories. The obtained results allow to identify the main trends in the theoretical dynamic of Russian media studies during 20 years and highlight the main features of the Russian school of media studies that characterize its national identity. The objectives of the study indicate the need to comply with the general state of theory in connection with the creation of an encyclopedic dictionary of terms and concepts in journalism and media studies.
Keywords: PhD research and doctoral dissertations; media studies; school of media studies; national identity of school of media studies
Denis V. Dunas
«Contradictions in Comprehension of Audiovisual Mass Media»
The goal of the article is to establish a set of contradictions in the history and theories of audiovisual mass media. The comparative analysis is applied to the numerous scientific papers, textbooks, encyclopedic editions, etc., revealing a problem of interpretation of basic concepts in domestic science, distortions in interdisciplinary approach, historiographic gaps, deficiency of reference books on domestic TV. Value of the concept “audiovisual” is emphasized; the cinema, TV, radio, computer systems are considered as means which historically have been used by journalism, but they aren‘t identical to it. Relevance of article is stipulated by the project of creation of “The Encyclopedic Dictionary on Journalism”.
Keywords: audiovisual information, cinema, television, journalism
Liliana Yu. Malkova
«Do Artistically-Publicistic Genres Actually Exist?»
The article analyses the term artistically-publicistic genres. This term is inaccurate. Corresponding arguments are produced. Publicistic texts and literature are different by nature, character of affect and structure of speech. Therefore there are no genres, that relate at the same time to publicism and literature.
Keywords: term, publicistic speech, artistic speech, essay, newspaper article, genre
Grigory Ya. Solganik
«Problematic Terminology in Mass Communications Sciences »
The author overviews numerous terms concerning non-clear field in mass communications scientific discourse. The author deals with meaning of notions being used by professionals as problematic terms, i.e. terms that cause professional discussions.
Keywords: communicology, communication studies, PRology, advertising
Larisa N. Fedotova