Professional Roles of Journalists of the Future: the View of Russian Educators

Nico Drok

Professor of Media School at Windesheim University of Applied Sciences, Vice-President of the World Journalism Education Council (WJEC), Zwolle, Netherlands

e-mail: n.drok@windesheim.nl
Maria M. Lukina

PhD in Philology, Associate Professor at the Chair of New Media and Communication Theory, Faculty of Journalism, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

e-mail: maria_lukina@list.ru
Andrei V. Zamkov

Researcher at the Faculty of Journalism, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

e-mail: zamkov.andrey@mail.ru

Section: Sociology of Journalism

The authors of the paper analyze the views of Russian journalism educators on the professional roles that journalists are to play in the future decade. The empirical data were collected as part of the global study “Journalistic Roles, Values and Competencies in the 21st Century: How Journalism Educators Across the Globe See the Future of the Profession”. The online survey was conducted under the auspices of the World Journalism Education Council (WJEC) in January-February 2021 with Russian educators from different regions of the country taking part in it as respondents. This paper focuses on the responses to two groups of questions: the reflections of educators about the typical tasks of professional journalists in the future and their view on key normative principles of neutrality and objectivity when fulfilling these professional tasks. The clustering of the ranked data makes it possible to figure out three professional roles that journalism educators expect in a ten-year term: objective disseminator, impartial investigator and social mobilizer. The authors suggest that these roles chosen by journalism educators for the careers of their students could be relevant in the future. However, they admit that this conclusion is debatable.

Keywords: journalism, journalism educators, professional tasks, professional principles, journalists’ professional roles
DOI: 10.30547/vestnik.journ.1.2022.325

References:

Ahva L., Lehtonen P. (2015) Journalism Students Across the Globe. Finland. Available at: https://research.tuni.fi/comet-en/journalism-students-across-the-globe-finland-jsg/ (accessed: 25.10.2021).

Anikina M. E. (2015) Ideals and Values of Modern Journalists: a Search for Balance. In Journalism in Change: Journalistic Culture in Poland, Russia and Sweden, Ser.: Studies in Communication and Politics. V. 3. Frankfurt am Main; Berlin; Bern; Bruxelles; New York; Oxford; Wien: Peter Lang–International Academic Publishers. Pp. 153–178.

Anikina M. E. (2019) Institutsional’nye roli rossiyskogo zhurnalista v nachale XXI veka [Institutional Roles of a Russian Journalist in the Early 21st Century]. Mediascope 4. (In Russian). Available at: http://www.mediascope.ru/2592 (accessed: 25.10.2021). DOI: 10.30547/mediascope.4.2019.7

Christians C., Glasser T., McQuail D., Nordenstreng K., White R. (2009) Normative Theories of the Press. Journalism in Democratic Societies. Urbana; Chicago: University of Illinois Press.

Drok N. (2019) Journalistic Roles, Values and Qualifications in the 21st Century. How European Journalism Educators View the Future of a Profession in Transition. Available at: https://www.ejta.eu/publications (accessed: 25.10.2021).

Drok N., Lukina M. M. (2019) Professional’nyje kompetencii budushchih zhurnalistov: kakimi ih vidiat v budushchem rossijskije i evropejskije prepodavateli [Professional Qualifications of Novice Journalists: How European and Russian Educators See Them in the Future]. Vestn. Mosk. un-ta. Ser. 10: Zhurnalistika 5: 3–24. DOI: 10.30547/vestnik.journ.5.2019.324 (In Russian)

Hanitzch T. (2007) Deconstructing Journalism Culture: Toward a Universal Theory. Communication Theory 176: 367–385. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2885.2007.00303.x

Hanitzch T. (2011) Populist Disseminators, Detached Watchdogs, Critical Change Agents and Opportunist Facilitators: Professional Milleus, the Journalistic Field and Autonomy in 18 Countries. International Communication Gazette 73: 477–494. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1748048511412279

Hanitzsch T., Hanusch F., Mellado C., Anikina M., Berganza R. (2011) Mapping Journalism Cultures Across Nations: a Comparative Study of 18 countries. Journalism studies 12 (3): 273–293. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/1461670X.2010.512502

Hanitzch T., Hanusch F., Ramaprasad J., de Beer A. S. (eds.) (2019) Worlds of Journalism: Journalistic Cultures Around the Globe. New York: Columbia University Press.

Hanitzsch T., Vos T. P. (2018) Journalism Beyond Democracy: a New Look into Journalistic Roles in Political and Everyday Life. Journalism 19 (2): 146–164. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1464884916673386

Hanusch F., Hanitzsch T. (2017) Comparing Journalistic Cultures Across Nations: What We Can Learn from the Worlds of Journalism Study. Journalism Studies 18 (5): 525–535. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/1461670X.2017.1280229

Hovden J., Esperas E. (2013) Journalism Students Across the Globe, Norway 2013. Methodology, questionnaire and selected tables. Available at: https://bora.uib.no/bora-xmlui/handle/1956/7769 (accessed: 25.10.2021).

Mellado C., Hellmueller L., Donsbach W. (eds.) (2017) Journalistic Role Performance: Concepts, Contexts, and Methods. New York; London: Routledge.

Nigmatullina K. R. (2019) Professional’naya kul’tura zhurnalista: poisk obshchikh podkhodov v zapadnykh i rossiyskikh issledovaniyakh [Professional Culture of a Journalist: a Search for Common Approaches in Western and Russian Studies]. Vestn. Mosk. un-ta. Ser. 10: Zhurnalistika 3. Available at: https://vestnik.journ.msu.ru/books/2019/3/professionalnaya-kultura-zhurnalista-poisk-obshchikh-podkh... (accessed: 25.10.2021). DOI: 10.30547/vestnik.journ.3.2019.84104. (In Russian)

Nygren G., Dobek-Ostrovska B., Anikina M. (2015) Professional Autonomy. Challenges and Opportunities in Poland, Russia and Sweden. Nordicom Review 36 (2): 79–95.

Prokhorov E. P. (2009) Vvedenie v teoriyu zhurnalistiki [Introducion to Journalism Theory]. Moscow: Aspekt Press Publ. (In Russian)

Svitich L. G., Shiryaeva A. A. (2005) Portret rossiyskogo zhurnalista v dinamike [The Portrait of a Russian Journalist in Dynamics]. Vestn. Mosk. un-ta. Ser. 10: Zhurnalistika 2: 94–112. (In Russian)

Svitich L. G., Shiryaeva A. A. (2007) Rossiyskiy zhurnalist i zhurnalistskoe obrazovanie: sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [The Russian Journalist and Journalism Education: Sociological Studies]. Moscow: VK Publ. (In Russian)

Vartanova E. L. (2016) Sovremennyy zhurnalist v predstavleniyakh obshchestva [The Modern Journalist in the Perception of Society]. MediaAlmanah 2 (73): 8–10. (In Russian)

Vartanova E. L., Lukina M. M. (2018) Russia: Media Accountability to the Public or to the State? In The European Handbook for media accountability. New York: Routledge Taylor and Francis Group. Pp. 206–224. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315616353

Vartanova E. L., Vyrkovsky A. V., Makeenko M. I., Smirnov S. S. (2017) Industriya rossiyskikh media: tsifrovoe budushchee [The Russian Media Industry: a Digital Future]. Moscow: MediaMir Publ. (In Russian)