User-Generated Content in Russian Online Media Texts about Traumatic Events

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Maria N. Koroleva

PhD degree-seeking student at the Chair of Digital Journalism, Faculty of Journalism, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

Elena E. Pronina

Doctor of Philology, PhD in Psychological Sciences, Professor, Faculty of Journalism, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia


Section: New Media

In this article, the role of citizen journalism (UGC) in the coverage of traumatic events by Russian online media is examined. Content analysis of 855 texts about the most stressful events of 2018–2020 on three online media platforms (,, was carried out. The obtained data were subjected to probabilistic statistical processing using the IBM Statistics SPSS software package. Calculations showed that UGC materials posted in the media are generally less traumatic and less focused on the activities of official agencies (more open to other sources) than journalistic texts. It also turned out that as a result of integration with users’ materials, the journalistic text changes its qualities, becomes less official and more personal, and represents a wider coverage of opinions and information sources. These qualities of the journalistic text significantly correlate with audience activity on the websites of the platforms under consideration in the form of reposts, comments and views. The authors of the article conclude that citizen journalism influences the development of modern mass media.

Keywords: UGC, online media, traumatic events, communicative transparency, information and psychological security, citizen journalism, media psychology
DOI: 10.30547/vestnik.journ.4.2022.2146


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To cite this article: Koroleva M.N., Pronina E.E. (2022) Pol'zovatel'skiy kontent v tekstakh rossiyskikh onlayn-SMI o travmogennykh sobytiyakh [User-Generated Content in Russian Online Media Texts about Traumatic Events]. Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta. Seriya 10. Zhurnalistika 4: 21–46. DOI: 10.30547/vestnik.journ.4.2022.2146