The Problem of Self-Identification of Student Journalists in the Digital Age

Download paper
Vladimir F. Oleshko

Doctor of Philosophy, Head of the Chair of Periodical Press and Online Media, Professor, Journalism Department, Ural Federal University, Yekaterinburg, Russia

Evgeniy V. Oleshko

Doctor of Philology, Professor at the Chair of Periodical Press and Online Media, Associate Professor, Journalism Department, Ural Federal University, Yekaterinburg, Russia

Olga S. Mukhina

PhD student at the Chair of Periodical Press and Online Media, Journalism Department, Ural Federal University, Yekaterinburg, Russia; ORCID 0000-0001-8791-6086


Section: Sociology of Journalism

Addressing the problems of youth is actualized by globalization processes and the improvement of technologies, as well as by forecasting the strategic development of the world community. The modern Russian state system is marked by a high level of acutely critical attitude and protest potential of the digital generation. The behavioral strategy of its representatives is increasingly predetermined by the mobilization effects of the media. At the same time, it is also characterized by the destruction of the boundaries of privacy, the difficulty for young people to articulate their feelings and emotional experiences, problems that they face and prospects that they see for themselves. Essays and interviews with representatives of creative professions have become a sociological tool for obtaining information for this article. The expert group consisted of 226 bachelor and master students studying journalism. The use of this sociological tool minimizes efforts to identify issues that are relevant to young people, this can also contribute to the adoption of effective management decisions by representatives of various social institutions. The most urgent problem for most of the respondents was the problem of choosing the goal and means of self-realization. More than a third of respondents focused on psychological problems resulting from digitalization.

Keywords: youth, self-identification, digital reality, media sphere, generational differences, identity crisis, dialogue
DOI: 10.30547/vestnik.journ.4.2021.135157


Bykov A. V., Nastina E. A. (2020) Vzaimosvyazi tsennostnykh ustanovok i kar’ernykh dostizheniy (po dannym issledovaniya molodezhi) [Links Between Value Attitudes and Career Achievements (based on a survey of youth)]. Sotsiologicheskie iscledovaniya 8: 67–77. DOI: 10.31857/S013216250009288-9 (In Russian)

Dunas D. V., Vartanov S. A. (2020) Molodezhnyy segment auditorii SMI: teoreticheskie podkhody otechestvennykh mediaissledovateley [Youth Segment of the Media Audience: Theoretical Approaches in Russian Media Studies]. Theoretical and Practical Issues of Journalism 9 (1): 106–122. DOI: 10.17150/2308-6203.2020.9(1).106-122 (In Russian)

Erikson E. (1968) Identity: Youth and Crisis. New York: Norton.

Evseeva Ya. V. (2014) Tvorcheskie professii kak ob”ekt sotsiologicheskogo issledovaniya (svodnyy referat) [Creative Professions as an Object of Sociological Research (a summary abstract)]. Social’nye i gumanitarnye nauki. Otechestvennaja i zarubezhnaya literatura. Ser. 11: Sotsiologiya. Referativnyy zhurnal 3: 62–66. (In Russian)

Gorshkov M. K., Sheregi F. Ye. (2010) Molodezh’ Rossii: sotsiologicheskiy portret [Youth of Russia: a Sociological Portrait]. Moscow: CSP and M Publ. (In Russian)

Grushin B. A. (1987) Massovoe soznanie [Mass Consciousness]. Moscow: Politizdat Publ. (In Russian)

Konstantinovskiy D. L., Voznesenskaya E. D., Cherednichenko G. A. (2014) Molodezh’ Rossii na rubezhe XX–XXI vekov: obrazovanie, trud, social’noe samochuvstvie [Youth of Russia at the turn of the 21st century: Education, Work, Social Health]. Moscow: CSP and M Publ. (In Russian)

Kulakova A. S. (2019) Novye tekhnologii kak faktor formirovaniya professional’noy identichnosti sovremennogo zhurnalista: dis. ... kand. filol. nauk. [New Technologies as a Factor in the Formation of Professional Identity of a Modern Journalist: PhD philol. sci. diss.] Moscow. (In Russian)

Kuznetsova I. Yu. (2001) Sotsializatsiya molodezhi na rubezhe vekov: regional’nyy aspect: dis. ... kand. kult. nauk. [Socialization of Youth at the Turn of the Centuries: the Regional Aspect: PhD cult. sci. diss.] Krasnodar. (In Russian)

Makeenko M. I., Shilina A. G. (2019) Zhurnalistika dannykh v kachestvennoy presse: tematicheskie i zhanrovye osobennosti [Data Journalism in the Quality Press: Thematic and Genre Features]. MediaAl’manah 6: 22–35. DOI: 10.30547/mediaalmanah.6.2019.2235 (In Russian)

Manske A. (2013) Kreative als aktivierte Wirtschaftsbürger: Zur wohlfahrtsstaatlichen Rahmung von künstlerisch-kreativer Arbeit [Creatives as Active Economic Citizens: for the Welfare State a Framework of Artistic and Creative Work]. sterreichische Ztng für Soziologie 38 (3): 259–276. DOI: 10.1007/s11614-013-0092-4 (In German)

Marcia J. E. (1993) The Ego Identity Status Approach to Ego Identity. In J. E. Marcia, A. S. Waterman, D. R. Matteson, S. L. Archer, J. L. Orlofsky (eds.) Ego Identity: a Handbook for Psychosocial Research. New York: Springer-Verlag. Pp. 1–21. DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4613-8330-7

Mineeva I. N. (2015) Akademicheskoe esse: teoriya i praktika zhanra [Theory and Practice of Academic Writing]. Filologicheskiy klass 2 (40): 7–14. (In Russian)

Oleshko V. F., Oleshko E. V. (2020) SMI kak mediator kommunikativno-kul’turnoy pamyati [Mass Media as a Mediator of Communicative and Cultural Memory]. Ekaterinburg: Ural. Federal. Univ. Publ. (In Russian)

Perinskaya N. A. (2018) Professional’naya identichnost’ [Professional Identity]. Znanie. Ponimanie. Umenie 2: 209–211. DOI: 10.17805/zpu.2018.2.19 (In Russian)

Pronina E. E. (2016) Professional’naya identichnost’ zhurnalista v usloviyakh transformatsii SMI [Professional Identity of a Journalist in the Context of Media Transformation]. Vestn. Mosk. un-ta. Ser. 10: Zhurnalistika 1: 46–74. (In Russian)

Shemanov A. Yu. (2008) Samoidentifikatsiya cheloveka kak antropogeneticheskiy fenomen: dis. ... dokt. filos. nauk. [Man’s Self-Identification as an Anthropogenetic Phenomenon. Dr. philos. sci. diss.] Moscow. (In Russian)

Shestak V. P., Shestak N. V. (2011) Formirovanie nauchno-issledovatel’skoy kompetentsii i «akademicheskoe pis’mo» [Research Competence and Academic Writing]. Vysshee obrazovanie v Rossii 11: 115–119. (In Russian)

Vartanova E. L. (2020) Mediasistema v natsional’nom kontekste: v prodolzhenie akademicheskoy diskussii [The Media System in the National Context: Following up the Academic Discussion]. MediaAl’manah 4 (99): 8–17. DOI: 10.30547/mediaalmanah.4.2020.815 (In Russian)

Vodenko K. V. (ed.) (2020) Sociologiya molodezhi [Sociology of Youth]. Moscow: RIOR : INFRA-M Publ. (In Russian)

V’yugina D. M. (2019) Osobennosti mediapotrebleniya sovremennoy rossiyskoy molodezhi (na primere Moskvy i Moskovskoy oblasti): dis. ... kand. filol. nauk. [Features of Media Consumption of Modern Russian Youth (on the example of Moscow and the Moscow region): PhD philol. sci. diss.] Moscow. (In Russian)

Vyrkovsky A. V. (2020) Razlichiya v ponimanii i ispol’zovanii bazovykh teoreticheskikh kontseptsiy u predstaviteley mediaindustrii i akademicheskoy sredy [Differences in the Understanding and Use of Basic Theoretical Concepts Among Representatives of the Media Industry and the Academic Environment]. Vestn. Tomskogo gos. un-ta. Filologiya 64: 277–289. DOI: 10.17223/19986645/64/16 (In Russian)

Waterman A. S. (1982) Identity Development from Adolescence to Adulthood: an Extension of Theory and a Review of Research. Developmental Psychology18 (3): 341–358. DOI: