Party Leadership of Radio Broadcasting in the Buryat-Mongol ASSR During the War

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Bayarma B. Shagdarova

PhD in History, Associate Professor at the Chair of Journalism and Advertising, Institute of Philology, Foreign Languages and Mass Communications, Banzarov Buryat State University, Ulan-Ude, Russia

e-mail: bayarma70@mail.ru
Olga V. Tikhonova

PhD in Philology, Associate Professor at the Chair of Television and Radio Broadcasting, Faculty of Journalism, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

e-mail: tihonovao@list.ru

Section: History of Journalism

This article examines an important period of operation of republican radio broadcasting during the Great Patriotic War on the example of the Buryat-Mongol ASSR. The authors present the results of the first ever done quantitative and qualitative analysis of the decisions made by the Regional Committee of the All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks preserved in the party fund of the State Archive of the Republic of Buryatia. The materials of wartime documents devoted to the issues of radio installation, radio broadcasting and political radio propaganda were thoroughly studied and introduced into scientific circulation. Notably, some archival files remain classified. Data analysis shows that the radical restructuring of radio broadcasting in the republic was successful and this was because of the party’s skillful use of organizational and methodological tools. Due to its common sense leadership, the quality of radio service of the population improved, the broadcasting network became wider and radio propaganda was widely developed. In this matter, the radio committee of Buryatia and the network of rural radio editors also played an important role. Workers, collective farmers, those working in medicine, education, science and culture took an active part in the broadcasts of the radio committee and rural radio editions. During the Great Patriotic War, interest in radio transmissions grew unusually, and the proficiency of the Russian language among the national audience noticeably improved.

Keywords: radio broadcasting, Great Patriotic War, Buryatia, party leadership
DOI: 10.30547/vestnik.journ.2.2021.156180

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